TY - JOUR

T1 - A scalar form of the complementary mild-slope equation

AU - Toledo, Yaron

AU - Agnon, Yehuda

N1 - Funding Information:
This research was supported by the US–Israel Binational Science Foundation (grant number 2004-205) and by the Germany–Israel (BMBF-MOST) Joint Research program (grant number 1946).

PY - 2010/8

Y1 - 2010/8

N2 - Mild-slope (MS) type equations are depth-integrated models, which predict under appropriate conditions refraction and diffraction of linear time-harmonic water waves. Among these equations, the complementary mild-slope equation (CMSE) was shown to give better agreement with exact two-dimensional linear theory compared to other MS-type equations. Nevertheless, it has a disadvantage of being a vector equation, i.e. it requires solving a system of two coupled partial differential equations. In addition, for three-dimensional problems, there is a difficulty in constructing the additional boundary condition needed for the solution. In the present work, it is shown how the vector CMSE can be transformed into an equivalent scalar equation using a pseudo-potential formulation. The pseudo-potential mild-slope equation (PMSE) preserves the accuracy of the CMSE while avoiding the need of an additional boundary condition. Furthermore, the PMSE significantly reduces the computational effort relative to the CMSE, since it is a scalar equation. The accuracy of the new model was tested numerically by comparing it to laboratory data and analytical solutions.

AB - Mild-slope (MS) type equations are depth-integrated models, which predict under appropriate conditions refraction and diffraction of linear time-harmonic water waves. Among these equations, the complementary mild-slope equation (CMSE) was shown to give better agreement with exact two-dimensional linear theory compared to other MS-type equations. Nevertheless, it has a disadvantage of being a vector equation, i.e. it requires solving a system of two coupled partial differential equations. In addition, for three-dimensional problems, there is a difficulty in constructing the additional boundary condition needed for the solution. In the present work, it is shown how the vector CMSE can be transformed into an equivalent scalar equation using a pseudo-potential formulation. The pseudo-potential mild-slope equation (PMSE) preserves the accuracy of the CMSE while avoiding the need of an additional boundary condition. Furthermore, the PMSE significantly reduces the computational effort relative to the CMSE, since it is a scalar equation. The accuracy of the new model was tested numerically by comparing it to laboratory data and analytical solutions.

KW - surface gravity waves

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77957146004&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1017/S0022112010001850

DO - 10.1017/S0022112010001850

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AN - SCOPUS:77957146004

SN - 0022-1120

VL - 656

SP - 407

EP - 416

JO - Journal of Fluid Mechanics

JF - Journal of Fluid Mechanics

ER -