Bright Innovations: Review of Next-Generation Advances in Scintillator Engineering

Pallavi Singh, Georgy Dosovitskiy, Yehonadav Bekenstein

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

This review focuses on modern scintillators, the heart of ionizing radiation detection with applications in medical diagnostics, homeland security, research, and other areas. The conventional method to improve their characteristics, such as light output and timing properties, consists of improving in material composition and doping, etc., which are intrinsic to the material. On the contrary, we review recent advancements in cutting-edge approaches to shape scintillator characteristics via photonic and metamaterial engineering, which are extrinsic and introduce controlled inhomogeneity in the scintillator’s surface or volume. The methods to be discussed include improved light out-coupling using photonic crystal (PhC) coating, dielectric architecture modification producing the Purcell effect, and meta-materials engineering based on energy sharing. These approaches help to break traditional bulk scintillators’ limitations, e.g., to deal with poor light extraction efficiency from the material due to a typically large refractive index mismatch or improve timing performance compared to bulk materials. In the Outlook section, modern physical phenomena are discussed and suggested as the basis for the next generations of scintillation-based detectors and technology, followed by a brief discussion on cost-effective fabrication techniques that could be scalable.

Original languageEnglish
JournalACS Nano
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2023

Keywords

  • coincidence time resolution
  • light output
  • metascintillator
  • nanocrystal
  • photonic crystal
  • Purcell enhancement
  • radioluminescence and medical imaging, perovskite nanocrystals
  • scintillator

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • General Engineering
  • General Physics and Astronomy

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