Degenerate Raman sideband cooling of 40K atoms

Elad Zohar, Yanay Florshaim, Oded Zilberman, Amir Stern, Yoav Sagi

Research output: Working paperPreprint


We report on the implementation of degenerate Raman sideband cooling of $^{40}$K atoms. The scheme incorporates a 3D optical lattice, which confines the atoms and drives the Raman transitions. The optical cooling cycle is closed by two optical pumping beams. The wavelength of the laser beams forming the lattice is close to the D$_2$ atomic transition, while the optical pumping is operated near the D$_1$ transition. With this cooling method, we achieve temperature of $\sim$$1\mu$K of a cloud with $\sim$$10^7$ atoms. This corresponds to a phase space density of $\ge$$10^{-3}$. Moreover, the fermionic ensemble is spin polarized to conditions which are favorable for subsequent evaporative cooling. We study the dependence of the cooling scheme on several parameters, including the applied magnetic field, the detuning, duration, and intensity profile of the optical pumping beams. Adding this optical cooling stage to current Fermi gas experiments can improve the final conditions and increase the data rate.
Original languageEnglish
StatePublished - 10 Aug 2022


  • cond-mat.quant-gas
  • physics.atom-ph


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