Hydrazine Oxidation Electrocatalysis

Tomer Y. Burshtein, Yakov Yasman, Lisa Muñoz-Moene, José H. Zagal, David Eisenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


The electro-oxidation of hydrazine is important for direct hydrazine fuel cells and for fundamental understanding of electrocatalysis in the nitrogen cycle. In this Review, we discuss electrocatalysis of the hydrazine oxidation reaction (HzOR), spanning a vast range of metal surfaces, nanoparticles, atomically dispersed ions, organometallic macrocycles, and enzymes. Emphasis is given to structure-activity correlations and reactivity descriptors, including the formulation of the Zagal principle, an electrochemical corollary of the Sabatier principle. In addition, we identify overarching themes that span the different subfields of HzOR electrocatalysis, hoping to inspire cross-disciplinary research avenues.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2264-2283
Number of pages20
JournalACS Catalysis
StateAccepted/In press - 2024


  • alternative fuels
  • electrocatalysis
  • hydrazine
  • nitrogen cycle
  • Sabatier principle
  • single atom catalysts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • General Chemistry


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