Image translation of Ultrasound to Pseudo Anatomical Display Using Artificial Intelligence

Lilach Barkat, Moti Freiman, Haim Azhari

Research output: Working paperPreprint


Ultrasound is the second most used modality in medical imaging. It is cost effective, hazardless, portable and implemented routinely in numerous clinical procedures. Nonetheless, image quality is characterized by granulated appearance, poor SNR and speckle noise. Specific for malignant tumors, the margins are blurred and indistinct. Thus, there is a great need for improving ultrasound image quality. We hypothesize that this can be achieved, using neural networks, by translation into a more realistic display which mimics an anatomical cut through the tissue. In order to achieve this goal, the preferable approach would be to use a set of paired images. However, this is practically impossible in our case. Therefore, Cycle Generative Adversarial Network (CycleGAN) was used, in order to learn each domain properties separately and enforce cross domain cycle consistency. The two datasets which were used for training the model were "Breast Ultrasound Images" (BUSI) and a set of optic images of poultry breast tissue samples acquired at our lab. The generated pseudo anatomical images provide improved visual discrimination of the lesions with clearer border definition and pronounced contrast. In order to evaluate the preservation of the anatomical features, the lesions in the ultrasonic images and the generated pseudo anatomical images were both automatically segmented and compared. This comparison yielded median dice score of 0.91 for the benign tumors and 0.70 for the malignant ones. The median lesion center error was 0.58% and 3.27% for the benign and malignancies respectively and the median area error index was 0.40% and 4.34% for the benign and malignancies respectively. In conclusion, these generated pseudo anatomical images, which are presented in a more intuitive way, enhance tissue anatomy and can potentially simplify the diagnosis and improve the clinical outcome.
Original languageEnglish
StatePublished - 10 Jun 2022


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