Improved Estimators for Semi-supervised High-dimensional Regression Model

Research output: Working paperPreprint


We study a linear high-dimensional regression model in a semi-supervised setting, where for many observations only the vector of covariates $X$ is given with no response $Y$. We do not make any sparsity assumptions on the vector of coefficients, and aim at estimating $\mathrm{Var}(Y|X)$. We propose an estimator, which is unbiased, consistent, and asymptotically normal. This estimator can be improved by adding zero-estimators arising from the unlabelled data. Adding zero-estimators does not affect the bias and potentially can reduce variance. In order to achieve optimal improvement, many zero-estimators should be used, but this raises the problem of estimating many parameters. Therefore, we introduce covariate selection algorithms that identify which zero-estimators should be used in order to improve the above estimator. We further illustrate our approach for other estimators, and present an algorithm that improves estimation for any given variance estimator. Our theoretical results are demonstrated in a simulation study.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
StatePublished - 14 Feb 2021


  • math.ST
  • stat.TH

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