A combined approach of electrodialysis pretreatment and vacuum UV for removing micropollutants from natural waters

Yael Dubowski, Yuval Alfiya, Yael Gilboa, Sara Sabach, Eran Friedler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) augment traditional water treatment methods, enhancing the removal of persistent contaminants. Efficiency of AOPs that utilize UV radiation for oxidants generation (e.g., ·OH) is reduced in water matrices that contain substants that may act as inner UV filters and/or scavengers for the generated radicals. Among such interfering compounds are major inorganic ions and dissolved organic matter that are naturally present in realistic waters. Thus, to improve AOPs efficiency it is desirable to separate the target pollutants from these natural species before treatment. Here the potential of electrodialysis as such pretreatment was investigated. The impact of this pretreatment on photo-oxidation of the pharmaceutical carbamazepine (CBZ) under VUV (λ<200 nm) irradiation, which yields ·OH generation via water homolysis, was tested in different water matrices. The obtained results indicate that in all tested solutions: Deionized water, groundwater, surface water, and treated wastewater, the addition of electrodialysis pretreatment successfully separated the target micropollutant CBZ from the major natural ions and to some extend the NOM, resulting faster degradation rates of CBZ and its transformation products in the following VUV-based AOP. Energy cost calculations indicated that addition of this pretreatment step reduces the overall energy demand of the system (i.e., energy consumption for the electrodialysis step was smaller than the energy gained by reducing the required VUV irradiation dose).

Original languageEnglish
Article number121152
JournalWater Research
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2024


  • Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOP)
  • Carbamazepine
  • Electrodialysis
  • Micropollutants
  • Photochemistry
  • VUV

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Ecological Modeling
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution


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