A Large Jet Narrow-line Seyfert 1 Galaxy: Observations from Parsec to 100 kpc Scales

Sina Chen, Preeti Kharb, Silpa Sasikumar, Sumana Nandi, Marco Berton, Emilia Järvelä, Ari Laor, Ehud Behar, Luigi Foschini, Amelia Vietri, Minfeng Gu, Giovanni La Mura, Luca Crepaldi, Minhua Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We present new 1.5-8.5 GHz Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA) observations and 0.32-1.26 GHz Giant Meterwave Radio Telescope (GMRT) observations of J0354-1340, which is the only known radio-quiet (RQ) or radio-intermediate (RI) narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxy with a 100 kpc, two-sided radio jet. A parsec-scale, one-sided jet in the southeastern direction from the core emission is found in the VLBA observations, while the kiloparsecscale jet observed with the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA) and GMRT is in the south-north direction. Core spectra on parsec and kiloparsec scales are presented in combination with archival VLA Sky Survey observations at 3.0 GHz and VLA C-configuration observations at 5.5 GHz. The parsec-scale emission dominates the kiloparsec-scale emission above ~5 GHz, and the spectrum is inverted due to synchrotron self-absorption. This indicates a compact synchrotron source with a size of ~0.04 pc, which is associated with either the jet base or the corona. A subkiloparsec-scale jet, which is unresolved on scales of ~3", probably dominates the emission below ~5 GHz. Future radio observations can explore the jet structure between the parsec and 100 kpc scales, the origin of their direction mismatch, and the parsec-scale jet proper motion. It remains to be explored how common such large-scale jets are in RQ or RI active galactic nuclei.

Original languageEnglish
Article number32
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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