Activity-Guided Proteomic Profiling of Proteasomes Uncovers a Variety of Active (and Inactive) Proteasome Species

Manisha Priyadarsini Sahoo, Tali Lavy, Noam Cohen, Indrajit Sahu, Oded Kleifeld

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Proteasomes are multisubunit, multicatalytic protein complexes present in eukaryotic cells that degrade misfolded, damaged, or unstructured proteins. In this study, we used an activity-guided proteomic methodology based on a fluorogenic peptide substrate to characterize the composition of proteasome complexes in WT yeast and the changes these complexes undergo upon the deletion of Pre9 (Δα3) or of Sem1 (ΔSem1). A comparison of wholecell proteomic analysis to activity-guided proteasome profiling indicates that the amounts of proteasomal proteins and proteasome interacting proteins in the assembled active proteasomes differ significantly from their total amounts in the cell as a whole. Using this activity-guided profiling approach, we characterized the changes in the abundance of subunits of various active proteasome species in different strains, quantified the relative abundance of active proteasomes across these strains, and charted the overall distribution of different proteasome species within each strain. The distributions obtained by our mass spectrometry-based quantification were markedly higher for some proteasome species than those obtained by activity-based quantification alone, suggesting that the activity of some of these species is impaired. The impaired activity appeared mostly among 20SBlm10 proteasome species which account for 20% of the active proteasomes in WT. To identify the factors behind this impaired activity, we mapped and quantified known proteasome-interacting proteins. Our results suggested that some of the reduced activity might be due to the association of the proteasome inhibitor Fub1. Additionally, we provide novel evidence for the presence of nonmature and therefore inactive proteasomal protease subunits β2 and β5 in the fully assembled proteasomes.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere100728
JournalMolecular and Cellular Proteomics
Volume23
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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