Alkaline Ni−Zn Rechargeable Batteries for Sustainable Energy Storage: Battery Components, Deterioration Mechanisms, and Impact of Additives

Katerina Bogomolov, Yair Ein-Eli

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The demand for long-term, sustainable, and low-cost battery energy storage systems with high power delivery capabilities for stationary grid-scale energy storage, as well as the necessity for safe lithium-ion battery alternatives, has renewed interest in aqueous zinc-based rechargeable batteries. The alkaline Ni−Zn rechargeable battery chemistry was identified as a promising technology for sustainable energy storage applications, albeit a considerable investment in academic research, it still fails to deliver the requisite performance. It is hampered by a relatively short-term electrode degradation, resulting in a decreased cycle life. Dendrite formation, parasitic hydrogen evolution, corrosion, passivation, and dynamic morphological growth are all challenging and interrelated possible degradation processes. This review elaborates on the components of Ni−Zn batteries and their deterioration mechanisms, focusing on the influence of electrolyte additives as a cost-effective, simple, yet versatile approach for regulating these phenomena and extending the battery cycle life. Even though a great deal of effort has been dedicated to this subject, the challenges remain. This highlights that a breakthrough is to be expected, but it will necessitate not only an experimental approach, but also a theoretical and computational one, including artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML).

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere202300940
JournalChemSusChem
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 8 Jan 2024

Keywords

  • additives
  • alkaline nickel-zinc cells
  • battery cycle life
  • deterioration mechanisms
  • electrolyte modification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Materials Science
  • General Energy

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